Sectors

Health impact assessment is a valuable tool for increasing inter-sectoral action to support improved opportunities for health.  Whether or not a formal health impact assessment is conducted for a proposed policy or project, the growing body of HIA work can help decision-makers and stakeholders better understand potential policy opportunities for improving the public’s health from agriculture to education to transportation. 

The sector summaries in HIA-CLIC:

  • Describe how actions in a given sector might impact health,
  • List examples of policies and projects in that sector that have been the focus of HIA,
  • Provide links to other HIA-CLIC pages and outside resources about the relationship between this sector and health.
  • Agriculture policy affects the public’s health in many ways, not just influencing the quality and quantities of what we eat, but through many other pathways as well, including regional economics, household finances, air and water pollution and community quality-of-life.  To date, few HIAs have examined the links between agriculture and health.The largest and probably most widely known... read more
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  • In the U.S. community planning done at the local level (e.g. city or county) is often known as the master plan or general plan (Planning for Healthy Places, 2007).  Community planning at the local government planning is comprehensive and considers the multiple diverse programs and activities that are located within the defined geographic area.  For example, community planning... read more
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  • Education has been shown to be associated with decreased risk of all-cause and coronary artery disease mortality (Hardarson and Gardarsdottir, 2001), and improved physical functioning and self-rated health (Ross and Mirowsky, 1999).   One mechanism through which education may benefit health is by increasing economic well-being, which in turn benefits health (Day and Newburger, 2002).... read more
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  • So much of modern life is shaped by how we move around from home to work, to school, and to places to shop and eat and play, and by the movement of goods that support us from food, to electronics, to building materials.  Playing such a large role in our lives, it is not surprising that transportation of people and goods has profound and varied affects on the public’s health. The... read more
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