MacArthur BART Transit Village

Authors: San Francisco Department of Public Health, UC Berkeley

Location: California, United States

Completion Date: January 2007

HIA Report: MacArthur BART Transit Village Health Impact Assessment

Summary of the HIA

Proposed Policy or Project

The City of Oakland, BART and the MacArthur Citizens Planning Committee have been working to develop the MacArthur BART station area. The proposed MacArthur Transit Village will build mixed-use development on the transit station parking lot.

Background and Policy Context

MacArthur Transit Village project was presented in October 2006 at the MacArthur BART Citizen’s Planning Committee Meeting. This HIA was conducted to evaluate the health effects of the proposed project by the UC Berkeley Health Impact Group with the goal of being submitted to the Citizen’s Planning Committee and other public agencies. A parallel environmental impact report (EIR) was being conducted by the City of Oakland as mandated by the state’s CEQA law. Plans for the Transit Village include: multi-family housing, retail and community space, community and retail parking, and renovations to public infrastructure.

Scope and Methods

This HIA entailed a review of literature and planning documents, field visits, interviews with key stake-holders, content experts, area residents, and business people. Quantitative modeling was conducted using secondary data and health-effects forecasting tools. Pathways of interest included: Affordable housing, employment opportunities, transportation access, physical activity, access to parks and greenspace, pedestrian safety, noise, air quality, and social cohesion.

Summary of Findings

The project would affect 600 persons and families who rent or buy housing units, including many who are in low SES bracket. Models showed that residents near the rail line may experience disturbed sleep, increased cancer risk from freeway emissions. There may be improved social interaction, and increased physical activity due to the project. Quantitative analysis suggests there would be one extra pedestrian injury or death per 3.25 years. Lastly, there may be increased rental-housing supply for low-income families. Recommendations for project improvement include: unbundle parking from housing unit sales, add bicycle parking; connect project to local bike network, recruit full-service grocery store, add pedestrian safety improvements, and use building materials and ventilation systems to reduce allergens and toxic exposures.

Background Reports

Contact

Rajiv Bhatia, MD, MPH

1390 Market Street, Ste. 822
San Francisco
,
California
94102

(415) 252-3982